And in the post-COVID era of online assessments, he has some powerful new allies — billion-dollar companies which have been accused of being industrialised cheating factories.
They market themselves as study aids, but they profit enormously from helping students cheat, and they boomed during the pandemic with the shift to online learning.
In a single month in 2020, cheating websites received around 7.3 million clicks from Australian students, an increase of 50 per cent on 2019 figures, according to Australia’s academic integrity regulator.
Since then those monthly hits have fallen back but still remain above pre-pandemic levels at 5.9 million hits.
And one of the biggest players is a company called Chegg.