“How to home-school” is trending in search engines, and parents’ rants about remote learning are going viral. A significant readjustment in many families’ lives this year has been the dive – in the deep end – into online learning at home as concerns overCovid-19’s spread have led to school closures.
Teaching one’s children at home has been around since antiquity, when school as we know it did not exist and education, the preserve of the rich elite, was through personal lessons from fathers or private tutors.
However, the term “home school” – a school in a private home, or educating one’s own children at home – sees its earliest documentation in a 1770 advertisement, and through the 1800s in school constitutions and accounts of the 19th century American frontier experience. In the 1850 novelMargaret Percival in America, for example, “Margaret saw that she had interrupted a sort of home school. She begged them to go on, saying that she was used to that duty herself, at home.”
Such practice was fairly common in many countries until the passage of compulsory school attendance laws, which, in the United States and Britain, began in the mid- to late 19th century.